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Common Farrier and Veterinary Terms You Need To Know

December 21, 2017

Farrier terms for the horse owner to understand!


Sometimes around Vets and Farriers we need a little bit of translation help to fully understand our horses and how their hooves grow and change. 



But first - a few directional words that you will often hear a Vet or Farrier say.


Anterior - This references something that is closer to the head or the front of your horse.


Posterior - This refers to something that is closer to the tail of your horse.


Dorsal - The upper side or back of your horse.  Think of a shark’s dorsal fin - that’s the one that pokes through the water’s surface.


Ventral - The belly side of your horse!


Medial - Towards the middle.  When talking about hooves, think about the inner sides of your horse’s hooves and legs.


Lateral - Towards the outside, the outer edges of the hoof. 


Quarter - The lateral or medial sides of the hoof wall.  Not the toe or the heel.




Some other things you might hear from the Farrier:



Action - How your horse moves at walk, trot, canter, tolt, pace, rack, or any other gait!  Often a farrier will want to see your horse’s action before and after a visit. 


Brushing - When your horse’s inside hind legs touch each other, it can be barely a touch or more of a whack.


Breakover - The point at which the hoof pivots over the toe.


Club foot - When the hoof is dished and the heel is too high.  There are various degrees of this. 


Hoof angle - The angle that the dorsal hoof wall makes with the ground.


Forging - When the hind hooves interfere with the front hooves.  Sometimes the step is too long, sometimes the front legs are slow to get out of the way.


Flat footed - The hoof angle is less than 45 degrees.


Long toe/low heel - The toes are too long in relation to the heel height.


Underrun - When the heel angle is less steep than the toe angle.




What other phrases have you heard?

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